Probability Based Processing
Probability-based mathematics is based on the best odds or matches rather than using switches that are represented as binary numbers (ones and zeros). The central processing unit on the computer that you use (unless you are from the future and already have a processor that uses probability-based processing) uses binary. It counts, computes and reads binary – numbers that are made up using a range of ones and zeros. Sounds like a lot to take in? Relax; it is pretty easy (in theory). You see, we have a range of number systems – not just a base 10 system (that is numbers represented with zero all the way to ten). Binary is essentially a base 2 number system as it only uses zero and one. All numbers (well virtually anything really) can be represented as a collection of zeros and ones.
This is how binary processing works. Computer chips are developed that process collections of ones and zeros. Software is written then converted in machine code that the processing unit in the computer understands. So in order to really take computer processing forward we need to develop hardware (namely computer chips) that read more than just a collection of ones and zeros (binary). That is where Lyric Semiconductor comes into the equation – they have developed what is likely to be the first computer chip that processes using probability rather than binary.
This enables the chip to process data based on probability or chance rather than a stream of binary. This promises to produce faster processing components that are also more energy (and data) efficient. If you consider that the processor is able to process blocks of straight data based on probability or chance rather than what are essentially flags represented by a stream of binary than it starts to make a lot more sense.